Social attraction theory. Chapter 8: Section 2: Our View of Self and Others 2019-10-26

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Attraction (SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY)

social attraction theory

However, as with most stereotypes, our expectations about the different characteristics of attractive and unattractive individuals are much stronger than the real differences between them. If this has happened to you, you have experienced mere exposure. What makes social psychology different? Evolution and Human Behavior, 24 5 , 351—356. The contribution of face familiarity to in-group favoritism and stereotyping. Some experts claim that when people select potential mates, they look for someone whose status, physical attractiveness, and personal qualities are roughly equivalent to their own. Social penetration: The development of interpersonal relationships. As people weigh the benefits of a relationship against the costs of the relationship, they do so by establishing a comparison level that is often influenced by social expectations and past experiences.

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What is Social Learning Theory?

social attraction theory

We are all of course aware of the physical attractiveness stereotype and make use of it when we can. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27 7 , 889—898. These are just a few of the big questions of interest in the field of social psychology. This recalibration of the exchange balance might also lead to the termination of the relationship if the balance is tipped too far toward the negative side. In one study, attractive job applicants both male and female were given markedly preferential treatment by prospective employers compared with equally qualified candidates who were less attractive. Similarity: Liking Others Who Are Like Us At the heart of attraction is the idea that we like being with people who provide rewarding and positive interactions. The necessities and luxuries of mate preferences: Testing the tradeoffs.

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What is Social Learning Theory?

social attraction theory

Based on the results of this evaluation, we decide to either pursue a deeper relationship with that person or we choose to cross the street and forget about that person until the end of eternity. This is because people tend to take lightly and dismiss responses from strangers, who do not really matter in their lives. Research across many cultures has found that people tend to like and associate with others who share their age, education, race, religion, level of intelligence, and socioeconomic status Watson et al. They only disclose information relative to the company they work for. A person might avoid others with similar interests for the same reason. The main factor that acts as a catalyst in the development of relationships is proper self disclosure.

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Attraction (SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY)

social attraction theory

The most frequently studied include , frequency of interaction , , , , , and. Evolution and Human Behavior, 22 1 , 31—46. The interpersonal attraction theory looks at how people are attracted to one another. The same photograph for the ideal woman or man was used for each participant. This field grew out of a growing concern with social inequality in the 1970s. Were people only following orders and bowing to social pressure, or were there some other forces at work that led people to engage in such devastating actions? Some evidence for heightened sexual attraction under conditions of high anxiety.

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Attraction Theory: Definition, Measurements & Effects

social attraction theory

Logic is what separates humans from other mammals—it is how we use our minds to develop and analyze methods of survival. Doing this will give the person more trust in the relationship and make them want to talk about deeper things that would be discussed in normal, everyday conversation. Computer-mediated communication has also been thought to even speed up the intimacy process because computers allow individual communication to be more, rather than less, open and accommodating about the characteristics of the person or persons involved. Which is why they constitute the foundation of the pyramid. He who finds a wife finds a good thing and obtains favor from The Lord. As you are determining the value of the friendship, you might decide that the benefits outweigh the potential costs. If they do not want to open up the first time, the first person has to keep talking to the second person and have many conversations to get to the point where they both feel comfortable enough for them to want to talk to each other about more personal topics.

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Attraction in Close Relationships

social attraction theory

What potential reasons can you think of to explain these differences? A basic principle of interpersonal attraction is the rule of similarity: similarity is attractive — an underlying principle that applies to both friendships and romantic relationships. When friendships form or a marriage happens, it is evidence to others that the individual involved has passed the evaluation process already. A Primer on Communication and Communicative Disorders. Interpersonal attraction is related to how much one likes, dislikes, or hates someone. Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures.

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Social Attraction

social attraction theory

Humans find similarity to be attractive because of social validation to find people who are similar, and because of our genetic interests. In fact, they agree on the dimension of warmth. In this case, the simple and general principle is this: People, like other animals, will repeat behaviors that are rewarding and will not repeat behaviors that are not rewarding. Therefore, there has to be some science hidden in it. The Spearman's Rank Test was used because it can test the relationship between two variables, in this case the ranking of attractiveness for males, and ranking of attractiveness for females.

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Interpersonal Attraction Theory Explained

social attraction theory

Attraction Interpersonal attraction refers to positive feelings about another person. He affirmed that these children imitated the aggressive behavior toward the doll, which they had observed earlier. Unfortunately, there isn't any magic attraction measuring jewelry, but psychologists have come up with some good ways of measuring interpersonal attraction. At the end of the term, the students were shown pictures of the confederates and asked to indicate if they recognized them and also how much they liked them. If they say 'yes', then the first individual has gained a reward, making them more likely to repeat this action. This model is perhaps seen as so attractive because her face is so perfectly symmetrical. Research Focus Arousal and Attraction Although the relationship between mood and liking is very simple, the relationship between our current state of physiological arousal and liking is more complex.

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Theories of Attraction: Basics

social attraction theory

In other words, the pretty people date the pretty people! Each culture has fairly standard ideas about physical appearance that serve as powerful determinants in how we perceive. Additionally, perceived but not actual similarity was found to predict interpersonal attraction during a face-to-face initial romantic encounter. They have to be willing to open up and talk to each other and express themselves. Similar patterns have been found in relation to online contexts. Later, when we are more familiar with someone, that person may become too familiar and thus boring. When we say that we like or love someone, we are experiencing interpersonal attraction— the strength of our liking or loving for another person.

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